Understanding the Basic Difference Between Wireframes, Mockups and Prototypes

Components of Pre-Development Design

There is a certain systematic flow to the app development process that streamlines it when followed as prescribed. This flow begins with a pre-development design that includes stages like wireframing, designing mockups and prototype development. Here we define each component for you:

I. Wireframe

What appears like a boring assembly of grey boxes is wireframe, a rough representation of the app design. It forms the backbone of app design but is characterised by low fidelity i.e. it is weak in terms of visual design, interactivity and content. The aim of a wireframe is to show the structure of an application with very basic UI elements and content placement. Not only does it describes the core functionality of the product, but it is also the framework which defines which elements are placed where on an app and how they work together. It is an essential stage of the pre-development process, which shows the logic behind the app product. It elucidates the functional side of an app and brings a certain orientation to scattered ideas of the designers.

II. Mock-Up

The next step in the app pre-development process is developing a mockup. A mock-up is a medium to high fidelity, static representation of the app design which is not clickable. It is a step-up from the schematic wireframe layout to a more realistic representation of the app product. It differs from the wireframe as it has colour, fonts, text, images, logos etc. A mockup uses functionalities like buttons, text bars, actual content layout with typography, navigation graphics etc to present an improved version of the wireframe. A mockup is a great way to invite investment from prospective investors as it presents a realistic picture of how the final product will be. It helps the app development team decide important app components like colour schemes, visual style, typography. We at Promatics believe that it is the best stage to take opinions from prospective users than to re-do it later to prolong the development process.

Wireframes Vs Mockups Vs Prototypes

III. Prototype

The third step of app pre-development process is making a high fidelity representation of the final product, called the Prototype. The main aim of the prototype is to showcase UI interactions between the app product and user. Thus, interactions need to be modelled with extreme care when it comes to designing a prototype for the app product. Prototypes are developed to check the usability of the interface, before beginning with the actual development process. When compared to wireframe and mockup, a prototype is the most engaging form of design documentation as well as the most expensive one that a team can develop. However, when done in the right way and used for testing, a prototype can even end up paying for itself. Vivid elements like UX pieces, interactions, animation etc make it lively. While it might appear to resemble a finished app product on a platonic level, a prototype is only a combination of images connected with each other. App prototypes go a long way in testing the user flow. The only way in which a prototype lacks from the final product is that the interface and the backend do not come tied together in a prototype as they do in the final app product. This is the reason why making a prototype does not incur a high development cost overall.


Each stage of the pre-development process has its perks. Developing a prototype, wireframe and mockup allow a firm foundation for the app and save money that is normally required in web or app product development.



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Rahul Singh

Rahul Singh

I live, breathe and dream mobile apps. My interest lies in pursuing and getting to know the best app development technologies, processes and platforms.